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Title: Analysis of organophosphorus flame retardants in marine biota
Other Titles: Anàlisi de retardants de flama organofosforats en biota marina
Author: Balasch García, Aleix
Director/Tutor: Rigol Parera, Anna
Eljarrat Esebag, Ethel
Keywords: Retardants de flama
Cromatografia de líquids d'alta resolució
Espectrometria de masses
Treballs de fi de grau
Fireproofing agents
High performance liquid chromatography
Mass spectrometry
Bachelor's theses
Issue Date: Jun-2019
Abstract: Flame retardants (FRs) are chemicals added to materials in order to slow or prevent the start or growth of fire. The use of organophosphorus FRs (OPFRs) has increased the last years because the use of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), that are other type of FR, is currently banned. OPFRs can substitute PBDEs because of their technical characteristics, and they are also used as plasticizers and anti-foaming agents. Although there is controversy about their toxicity, there can be found some general toxicological effects of the OPFRs: reproductive and developmental toxicities, association with neurotoxicity, endocrine disruption and carcinogenicity. This project will focus on the analysis of 19 OPFRs in biota samples of environmental interest as bioindicators, specifically in sea turtles and marine fish. The analytical method is based on turbulent flow chromatography (TFC) in combination with high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS). The extraction was performed by ultrasound liquid extraction, and purification was done with the TFC system. This method has allowed the evaluation of OPFRs in turtle and fish samples archiving satisfactory results. OPFRs were detected in all analysed samples, showing their ubiquity in the environment as well as their capacity for bioaccumulation
Note: Treballs Finals de Grau de Química, Facultat de Química, Universitat de Barcelona, Any: 2019, Tutores: Tutores: Anna Rigol Parera, Ethel Eljarrat Esebag
Appears in Collections:Treballs Finals de Grau (TFG) - Química

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