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Title: Expectations management; employer perspectives on opportunities for improved employment of persons with mental disabilities in Kenya
Author: Ebuenyi, Ikenna D.
van der Ham, Alida J.
Bunders-Aelen, Joske F. G.
Regeer, Barbara J.
Keywords: Discapacitats mentals
Mercat de treball
People with mental disabilities
Labor market
Issue Date: 7-Jan-2019
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Abstract: Purpose: In Kenya, the employment rate for persons with disabilities is about 1% compared to 73.8% for the general population, and the situation is even worse for persons with mental disabilities. Persons with mental disabilities are often regarded as “mad”, and stand little or no chance of employment. We undertook an exploratory study with employers and potential employers to understand factors that hinder or facilitate their employment and to gain insight into employers’ perceptions of mental disability. Materials and methods: We adopted a mixed method study design, including in-depth interviews (n = 10) and questionnaires (n = 158) with (potential) employers in Kenya to explore the barriers and facilitators of employment for persons with mental disabilities. Results: Out of the 158 employers who completed the questionnaire, only 15.4% had ever employed persons with mental disabilities. The perceptions that these persons are not productive and may be violent was associated with an unwillingness to employ them (OR: 10.11, 95%CI: 2.87–35.59 and OR: 3.6, 95%CI: 1.34–9.64, respectively). The possession of skills was the highest reported facilitator of employing persons with mental disabilities. Employers suggested that information about mental illness and the disclosure by prospective employees with mental disabilities are relevant for the provision of reasonable accommodation in the workplace. Conclusion: Possession of skills and disclosure by persons with mental disabilities could improve their employability. Information targeted at all actors including employers, employees, government, and policymakers is necessary for balancing employers and employees expectations.
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It is part of: Disability and Rehabilitation, 2019
Related resource:
ISSN: 0963-8288
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (ISGlobal)

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