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Title: CLA+ T cell response to microbes in psoriasis
Author: De Jesús Gil, Carmen
Ruiz Romeu, Ester
Ferran, Marta
Chiriac, Anca
Deza, Gustavo
Hóllo, Péter
Celada Cotarelo, Antonio
Pujol, Ramon M.
Santamaria Babí, Luis F.
Keywords: Psoriasi
Issue Date: 27-Jun-2018
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: Streptococcus pyogenes throat infection is a clinically relevant trigger of both guttate and chronic plaque psoriasis, and it provides an ideal context in which to study the pathogenesis of these diseases using an antigen-dependent approach. Circulating cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA) positive (+) memory T cells are a subset of peripheral lymphocytes whose phenotype and function are related to immunological mechanisms in the skin. These cells are considered peripheral biomarkers of T-cell-mediated skin diseases. The coculture of autologous epidermal cells with CLA+ T cells from psoriasis patients activated by S. pyogenes allows the reproduction of the ex vivo initial molecular events that occur during psoriatic lesion formation. With cooperation of autologous epidermal cells, S. pyogenes selectively activates CLA+ T cells both in guttate and plaque psoriasis, inducing key mediators, including an IL-17 response. Here, we explore potential new mechanisms of psoriasis development including the influence of HLA-Cw6 on S. pyogenes CLA+ T cell activation in guttate psoriasis, the relevance of IL-9 on microbe induced IL-17 response in guttate and plaque psoriasis, and novel effector functions of Candida albicans. This review will summarize recent knowledge of psoriatic mechanisms elicited by microbes that have been studied through an innovative translational perspective based on CLA+ T cell-mediated cutaneous immune response.
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It is part of: Frontiers in Immunology, 2018, vol. 9, p. 1488
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ISSN: 1664-3224
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)

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