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Title: Schizophrenia and cortical blindness: Protective effects and implications for language
Author: Leivada, Evelina
Boeckx, Cedric
Keywords: Esquizofrènia
Llenguatge i llengües
Language and languages
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: The repeatedly noted absence of case-reports of individuals with schizophrenia and congenital/early developed blindness has led several authors to argue that the latter can confer protective effects against the former. In this work, we present a number of relevant case-reports from different syndromes that show comorbidity of congenital and early blindness with schizophrenia. On the basis of these reports, we argue that a distinction between different types of blindness in terms of the origin of the visual deficit, cortical or peripheral, is crucial for understanding the observed patterns of comorbidity. We discuss the genetic underpinnings and the brain structures involved in schizophrenia and blindness, with insights from language processing, laying emphasis on the three structures that particularly stand out: the occipital cortex, the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), and the pulvinar. Last, we build on previous literature on the nature of the protective effects in order to offer novel insights into the nature of the protection mechanism from the perspective of the brain structures involved in each type of blindness.
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It is part of: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2014, vol. 8, p. 940
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ISSN: 1662-5161
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Filologia Catalana i Lingüística General)

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