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Title: DNA binding induces a nanomechanical switch in the RRM1 domain of TDP-43
Author: Wang, Yong Jian
Rico-Lastres, Palma
Lezamiz, Ainhoa
Mora, Marc
Solsona Sancho, Carles
Stirnemann, Guillaume
Garcia-Manyes, Sergi
Keywords: ADN
Proteïnes supressores de tumors
Tumor suppressor protein
Issue Date: 20-Jun-2018
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: Understanding the molecular mechanisms governing protein-nucleic acid interactions is fundamental to many nuclear processes. However, how nucleic acid binding affects the conformation and dynamics of the substrate protein remains poorly understood. Here we use a combination of single molecule force spectroscopy AFM and biochemical assays to show that the binding of TG-rich ssDNA triggers a mechanical switch in the RRM1 domain of TDP-43, toggling between an entropic spring devoid of mechanical stability and a shock absorber bound-form that resists unfolding forces of ∼40 pN. The fraction of mechanically resistant proteins correlates with an increasing length of the TGn oligonucleotide, demonstrating that protein mechanical stability is a direct reporter of nucleic acid binding. Steered molecular dynamics simulations on related RNA oligonucleotides reveal that the increased mechanical stability fingerprinting the holo-form is likely to stem from a unique scenario whereby the nucleic acid acts as a 'mechanical staple' that protects RRM1 from mechanical unfolding. Our approach highlights nucleic acid binding as an effective strategy to control protein nanomechanics.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2018, vol. 9, num. 14, p. 3800-3807
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ISSN: 1948-7185
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental)

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