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|Title:||Hippocampal radial glial subtypes and their neurogenic potential in human fetuses and healthy and Alzheimer's disease adults|
Ferrer, Isidro (Ferrer Abizanda)
Kovacs, Gabor G.
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Abstract:||Neuropathological conditions might affect adult granulogenesis in the adult human dentate gyrus. However, radial glial cells (RGCs) have not been well characterized during human development and aging. We have previously described progenitor and neuronal layer establishment in the hippocampal pyramidal layer and dentate gyrus from embryonic life until mid-gestation. Here, we describe RGC subtypes in the hippocampus from 13 gestational weeks (GW) to mid-gestation and characterize their evolution and the dynamics of neurogenesis from mid-gestation to adulthood in normal and Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects. In the pyramidal ventricular zone (VZ), RGC density declined with neurogenesis from mid-gestation until the perinatal period. In the dentate area, morphologic and antigenic differences among RGCs were observed from early ages of development to adulthood. Density and proliferative capacity of dentate RGCs as well as neurogenesis were strongly reduced during childhood until 5 years, few DCX+ cells are seen in adults. The dentate gyrus of both control and AD individuals showed Nestin+ and/or GFAPδ+ cells displaying different morphologies. In conclusion, pools of morphologically, antigenically, and topographically diverse neural progenitor cells are present in the human hippocampus from early developmental stages until adulthood, including in AD patients, while their neurogenic potential seems negligible in the adult. Key words: adult neurogenesis, hippocampus, human fetal brain, neurogenesis, radial glial cells|
|Note:||Versió postprint del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhy096|
|It is part of:||Cerebral Cortex, 2018, vol. 28, num. 7, p. 2458-2478|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles publicats en revistes (Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental)|
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