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Title: Use of municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash and crop by-product for producing lightweight aggregate
Author: Giró Paloma, Jessica
Ribas-Manero, V.
Maldonado Alameda, Alex
Formosa Mitjans, Joan
Chimenos Ribera, Josep Ma.
Keywords: Biomassa
Materials de construcció
Propietats tèrmiques
Building materials
Thermal properties
Issue Date: 25-Oct-2017
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Abstract: Due to the growing amount of residues in Europe, it is mandatory to provide a viable alternative for managing wastes contributing to the efficient use of resources. Besides, it is also essential to move towards a low carbon economy, priority EU by 2050. Among these, it is important to highlight the development of sustainable alternatives capable of incorporating different kind of wastes in their formulations.Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI) is estimated to increase in Europe, where the accessibility of landfill is restricted. Bottom ash (BA) is the most significant by-product from MSWI as it accounts for 85-95 % of the solid product resulting from combustion. BA is a mixture of calcium-rich compounds and others silicates enriched in iron and sodium. In addition, it is categorized as non-hazardous waste which can be revalorized as secondary material in construction or civil engineering fields, previous weathering stabilization during 2-3 months. Taking into account the relative proportion of each size fraction and the corresponding material characterization, the content of glass (primary and secondary) is estimated to be around 60 wt%. Furthermore, as a renewable resource and according to waste management European policies, residual agricultural biomass has attracted attention in preparation of advanced materials for various applications, due to their low cost, abundance, and environment friendliness. Among this residual biomass, rice husk is a by-product of rice milling industry which has high content of silica and has been widely used in buildings as natural thermal insulation material.Weathered BA (WBA) with a particle size less than 30 mm was milled under 100 μm, mixed with 2.0-5.0 mm rice husk, formed into ball-shaped pellets and sintered by different thermal treatments, which remove the organic matter content generating a large porosity. Physico-chemical analysis and mechanical behavior of the manufactured lightweight aggregates were tested. The obtained results provide a suitable physico-mechanical formulation using WBA as silica source, as well as a common crop by-product.
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It is part of: IOP conference series. Materials science and engineering, 2017, vol. 251, num. conference 1
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ISSN: 1757-8981
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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