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Title: The contribution of sex, personality traits, age of onset and disorder duration to behavioral addictions
Author: Valero-Solís, Susana
Granero, Roser
Fernández Aranda, Fernando
Steward, Trevor
Mestre-Bach, Gemma
Mallorquí-Bagué, Núria
Martín-Romera, Virginia
Aymamí, Maria Neus
Gómez-Peña, Mónica
Del Pino Gutiérrez, Amparo
Baño, Marta
Moragas, Laura
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel
Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
Keywords: Edat
Compra compulsiva
Joc compulsiu
Addicció al sexe
Compulsive shopping
Compulsive gambling
Sex addiction
Issue Date: 16-Oct-2018
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: Background and aims: Increases in the prevalence of behavioral addictions worldwide have led to a growth in the etiological research of the specific contribution of risk/protective factors to these disorders. The objective of this study was to assess the relative role of patients' sex, age of disorder onset and disorder duration on the clinical profile of behavioral addictions. Methods: Our sample included treatment-seeking patients diagnosed with gambling disorder (GD, n = 3,174), internet gambling disorder (IGD, n = 45), compulsive buying (CB, n = 113), and sex addiction (SA, n = 34). Results: The pattern of associations between the independent variables and the outcomes were strongly related to the behavioral addiction subtype: (a) for GD-men early onset of the disorder was related to GD severity, while for GD-women early onset was linked to novelty seeking; (b) for IGD-men, late onset correlated with addiction severity, worse psychopathological state, and high harm avoidance and self-transcendence levels; (c) for CB-women, early onset was related to higher reward-dependence scores and lower self-transcendence levels, and longer duration predicted higher cumulate debts; for CB-men, early onset and long duration correlated with high scores in harm-avoidance, self-directedness, self-transcendence, and cooperativeness; and (d) for SA-men, late onset and longer duration correlated with high disorder severity. Discussion and Conclusions: These findings are relevant for developing prevention and treatment programs specific to different behavioral addictions.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Frontiers In Psychiatry, 2018, vol. 9, p. 497
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ISSN: 1664-0640
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)
Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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