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Title: Rapid sintering of weathered municipal solid waste incinerator bottom ash and rice husk for lightweight aggregate manufacturing and product properties
Author: Giró Paloma, Jessica
Mañosa Bover, Jofre
Maldonado Alameda, Alex
Quina, Margarida J.
Chimenos Ribera, Josep Ma.
Keywords: Biomassa
Residus agrícoles
Recuperació de residus
Agricultural wastes
Recovery of waste products
Issue Date: 3-Jun-2019
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: This study assessed the technical feasibility of formulating lightweight aggregates (LWA) from municipal solid waste incinerator bottom ash (IBA) and residual biomass. Weathered IBA (WIBA) particles larger than 8 mm contain a mixture of calcium-rich compounds and other silicates mainly composed of glass and synthetic and natural ceramics, with low contents of heavy metals and soluble salts. Unfired LWA were formulated with the particle size fraction of WIBA larger than 8mm and rice husk (RH) used as the bloating agent. Rapid sintering of the unfired spherical pellets at 1,100°C for 5min produced some cohesive sintered LWA, whose porosity, apparent particle density, water absorption, and compressive strength directly correlated with the percentage of RH added. The fired LWA formulated with 5wt% of RH showed the highest bloating index (115%) and porosity (53%) and the lowest apparent particle density (0.61Mgm−3) and compressive strength (1.4MPa). The addition of more than 5wt% of RH increased the internal temperature of the sintered aggregates and decreased the viscosity of the molten glassy materials, resulting in the collapse of the inner structure. Consequently the porosity decreased and the apparent density of the particles increased, thereby shrinking the volume of the fired LWA. According to the standard leaching test (EN 12457-4), both the unfired precursor and the sintered aggregates showed concentrations of heavy metals and metalloids in the leachates that were well below the safety limits established for their reuse as secondary materials
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal Of Cleaner Production, 2019, vol. 232, p. 713-721
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ISSN: 0959-6526
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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