Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/143259
Title: Blow-up algebras in Algebra, Geometry and Combinatorics
Author: Cid Ruiz, Yairon
Director/Tutor: D'Andrea, Carlos, 1973-
Keywords: Àlgebra commutativa
Geometria algebraica
Combinatòria (Matemàtica)
Commutative algebra
Algebraic geometry
Combinations
Issue Date: 26-Jun-2019
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona
Abstract: [eng] The primary topic of this thesis lies at the crossroads of Commutative Algebra and its interactions with Algebraic Geometry and Combinatorics. It is mainly focused around the following themes: 1) Defining equations of blow-up algebras; 2) Study of rational maps via blow-up algebras; and 3) Asymptotic properties of the powers of edge ideals of graphs. We are primarily interested in questions that arise in geometrical or combinatorial contexts and try to understand how their possible answers manifest in various algebraic structures or invariants. There is a particular algebraic object, the Rees algebra (or blow-up algebra), that appears in many constructions of Commutative Algebra, Algebraic Geometry, Geometric Modeling, Computer Aided Geometric Design and Combinatorics. The work horse and main topic of this doctoral dissertation has been the study of this algebra under various situations. The Rees algebra was introduced in the field of Commutative Algebra in the famous paper published in 1958. Since then it has become a central and fundamental object with numerous applications. The study of this algebra has been so fruitful that it is difficult to single out particular results or papers. From a geometrical point of view, the Rees algebra corresponds with the bi-homogeneous coordinate ring of two fundamental objects: the blow-up of a projective variety along a subvariety and the graph of a rational map between projective varieties. Therefore, the importance of finding the defining equations of the Rees algebra is probably beyond argument. This is a problem of tall order that has occupied commutative algebraists and algebraic geometers, and despite an extensive effort, it remains open even in the case of polynomial rings in two variables. In Chapter 2 of this dissertation, we use the theory of D-module s to describe the defining ideal of the Rees algebra in the case of a parametrization of a plane curve. In a joint work with Buse and D'Andrea, Chapter 3 of this dissertation , we introduce a new algebra that we call the saturated special fiber ring, which turns out to be an important tool to analyze the degree of a rational map. Later, in Chapter 4 of this dissertation, we compute the multiplicity of this new algebra in the case of perfect ideals of height two, which, in particular, provides an effective method to determine the degree of a rational map having those ideals as base ideal. In a joint work with Simis, Chapte r 5 of this dissertation, we consider the behavior of the degree of a rational map under specialization of the coefficients of the defining linear system. The Rees algebra of the edge ideal of a graph is a well studied object, that relates combinatorial properties of a graph with algebraic in variants of the powers of its edge ideal. For the Rees algebra of the edge ideal of a bipartite graph, Chapter 6 of this dissertation, we compute the universal Grobner basis of its defining equations and its total Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity as a bigraded algebra. It is a celeb rated result that the regularity of the powers of a homogeneous ideal is asymptotically a linear function. Considerable efforts have been put forth to understand the form of this asymptotic linear function in the case of edge ideals. In a joint work with Jafari, Picone and Nemati, Chapter 7 of this dissertation, for bicyclic graphs, i.e. graphs containing exactly two cycles, we characterize the regularity of its edge ideal in terms of the induced matching number and determine the previous asymptotic linear function in special cases.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/143259
Appears in Collections:Tesis Doctorals - Departament - Matemàtiques i Informàtica

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