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Title: Metabolic, mitochondrial, renal and hepatic safety of enfuvirtide and raltegravir antiretroviral administration: Randomized crossover clinical trial in healthy volunteers
Author: Barroso, Sergio
Morén Núñez, Constanza
González-Segura, Àlex
Riba, Neus
Arnaiz Gargallo, Juan Alberto
Manriquez, Marcela
Santana, Gemina
Blanco, José L.
Larousse, María
Loncá, Montserrat
Lazzari, Elisa de
Llopis Pérez, Jaime
Mallolas Masferrer, Josep
Miró, Òscar
Carné, Xavier
Gatell, José M.
Garrabou Tornos, Glòria
Martínez, Esteban
Keywords: ADN mitocondrial
Mitochondrial DNA
Antiretroviral agents
Issue Date: 23-May-2019
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: CONTEXT: Classical antiretroviral agents may acutely impact on metabolic, mitochondrial, renal and hepatic function in HIV-infected and uninfected persons. Fusion and integrase inhibitors are supposed to be safer, but have been scarcely investigated. To avoid any interference with HIV or other antiretrovirals, we assessed markers of these toxicities in healthy adult volunteers treated with Enfuvirtide (T20) or Raltegravir (RAL). METHODS: Twenty-six healthy participants were randomized to T20/90mg vs. placebo (n = 12) or RAL/400mg vs. placebo (n = 14) every 12h in two 7-day periods separated by a 4-week washout period. Major end-points were changes in lipid profile (total cholesterol, high-density-lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, low-density-lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, triglycerides), insulin resistance (glucose) and mitochondrial toxicity (mitochondrial DNA content-mtDNA-in peripheral blood mononuclear cells). Renal and hepatic toxicity (creatinine, alanine transaminase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), bilirubin and total plasma proteins) and overall safety were also analysed. Effect of period, treatment, and basal measures were evaluated for each end-point. RESULTS: Neither T20-administration nor RAL-administration yielded to any statistic significant change in the markers of metabolic, mitochondrial, renal or hepatic toxicity assessed. No symptoms indicative of drug toxicity were neither found in any subject. CONCLUSIONS: In absence of HIV infection, or concomitant treatment, short-term exposure to T20 or RAL in healthy adult volunteers did not lead to any indicative changes in toxicity markers thus presuming the safe profile of both drugs.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2019, vol. 14, num. 5, p. e0216712
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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