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Title: Procalcitonin (PCT) levels for ruling-out bacterial coinfection in ICU patients with influenza: A CHAID decision-tree analysis
Author: Rodríguez, Alejandro H.
Avilés Jurado, Francesc X.
Díaz, Emili
Schuetz, Philipp
Trefler, Sandra I.
Solé Violán, Jordi
Cordero, Lourdes
Vidaur, Loreto
Estella, Ángel
Pozo Laderas, Juan C.
Socias, Lorenzo
Vergara, Juan C.
Zaragoza, Rafael
Bonastre, Juan
Guerrero, José Eugenio
Suberviola, Borja
Cillóniz, Catia
Restrepo, Marcos I.
Martín Loeches, Ignacio
Keywords: Influenzavirus
Influenza viruses
Issue Date: Feb-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Objectives: To define which variables upon ICU admission could be related to the presence of coinfection using CHAID (Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detection) analysis. Methods: A secondary analysis from a prospective, multicentre, observational study (2009-2014) in ICU patients with confirmed A(H1N1)pdm09 infection. We assessed the potential of biomarkers and clinical variables upon admission to the ICU for coinfection diagnosis using CHAID analysis. Performance of cut-off points obtained was determined on the basis of the binominal distributions of the true (+) and true (−) results. Results: Of the 972 patients included, 196 (20.3%) had coinfection. Procalcitonin (PCT; ng/mL 2.4 vs. 0.5, p < 0.001), but not C-reactive protein (CRP; mg/dL 25 vs. 38.5; p = 0.62) was higher in patients with coinfection. In CHAID analyses, PCT was the most important variable for coinfection. PCT <0.29 ng/mL showed high sensitivity (Se = 88.2%), low Sp (33.2%) and high negative predictive value (NPV = 91.9%). The absence of shock improved classification capacity. Thus, for PCT <0.29 ng/mL, the Se was 84%, the Sp 43% and an NPV of 94% with a post-test probability of coinfection of only 6%. Conclusion: PCT has a high negative predictive value (94%) and lower PCT levels seems to be a good tool for excluding coinfection, particularly for patients without shock.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Infection, 2016, vol. 72, num. 2, p. 143-151
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ISSN: 0163-4453
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (Cirurgia i Especialitats Medicoquirúrgiques)
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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