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Title: Characterization of hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography retention by a linear free energy relationship. Comparison to reversed- and normal-phase retentions.
Author: Subirats i Vila, Xavier
Abraham, Michael H.
Rosés Pascual, Martí
Keywords: Cromatografia de líquids
Dissolvents orgànics
Liquid chromatography
Organic solvents
Issue Date: 6-Sep-2019
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: The Abraham solvation parameter model, a linear free energy relationship (LFER) approach, has been used to characterize a polymeric zwitterionic (sulfobetaine) column in HILIC mode. When acetonitrile (MeCN) is used in the preparation of mobile phases the main solute characteristics affecting the chromatographic behavior of analytes are the molecular size and the hydrogen-bonding (both acidity and basicity) interactions. The former property is more favorable in the acetonitrile-rich mobile phase, reducing thus the retention, but the latter reveals a higher affinity for the water layer adsorbed on the stationary phase, enhancing retention. However, if the aprotic acetonitrile is replaced by methanol, a hydrogen-bond acidic solvent, solute hydrogen-bond basicity does not contribute any more to retention, quite the opposite. Thus, a slightly different selectivity is observed in methanol/water than in acetonitrile/water. Normal-phase mode and HILIC-MeCN share the same main factors affecting retention. For reversed-phase and immobilized artificial membrane (IAM) chromatography, the solute molecular size increase retention because of the lower amount of energy required in the formation of a cavity in the solvated stationary phase. On the contrary, the analyte hydrogen-bond basicity favors interactions with the hydroorganic mobile phase and reduces retention. The determined parameters justify the reversed selectivity commonly observed in HILIC in reference to reversed-phase. In most instances, the least retained solutes in reversed-phase are the most retained in HILIC.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Analytica Chimica Acta, 2019, vol. 1092, p. 132-143
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ISSN: 0003-2670
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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