Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Structural change and female participation in recent economic growth: a multisectoral analysis for the Spanish economy
Author: Duarte, Rosa
Sarasa, Cristina
Serrano, Mònica (Serrano Gutiérrez)
Keywords: Estudis de gènere
Dones en el desenvolupament
Creixement econòmic
Gender studies
Women in development
Economic growth
Issue Date: Oct-2019
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Abstract: Economic growth has different impacts on gender gaps. In recent decades the growing participation of women in the labour market has reduced the gender employment gap, however a notable gender pay gap still persists standing at around 15% on average in the European Union. In this context, this paper evaluates the impact of economic growth patterns on the evolution of gender employment and pay gaps. First, sectorial feminization, direct discrimination, and structural change factors are identified and evaluated as ways to explain changes observed in the gender pay gap. Second, we explore the influence of demand, technology, and intensity factors on the evolution of employment combining gender, skill, sectorial, and temporal perspectives. As a case study, we examine Spanish economic growth from 1980 to 2007 and the influences on the size, composition (by skill), and distribution (by sector) of female and male employment, as well as the consequences for gender gaps. Our results show that structural change contributed to reduce the gender employment gap in Spain; while the evolution of the gender pay gap is less conclusive, following a sort of inverted U-shape. This paper shows the suitability and potential of the multisectorial input-output framework to analyse structural and technological changes and their impacts on the gender employment and pay gaps.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Economic Systems Research, 2019, vol. 31, num. 4, p. 574-593
Related resource:
ISSN: 0953-5314
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Economia)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
689595.pdf5.69 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.