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Title: Typical Presentation of Legionella pneumophila Community-Acquired Pneumonia
Author: Cillóniz, Catia
Torres Martí, Antoni
Keywords: Pneumònia adquirida a la comunitat
Community-acquired pneumonia
Issue Date: 1-May-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Legionnaires’ disease (LD) is often present as a severe form of pneumonia and is caused by the intracellular pathogen Legionella pneumophila which has an atypical presentation with nonspecific radiographic patterns and clinical presentation1. The presence of extra-pulmonary complications that could affect the central nervous system, heart, liver, gastrointestinal tract and kidney are the main differences to the typical presentation of bacterial pneumonia2. L. pneumophila serogroup 1 is the most comment species causing LD in Europe and America, accounting for approximately 90% of the cases3. However, Legionella longbeacheae, another species of Legionella, is involved in approximately 30% of the cases presented in Australia and New Zealand4,5. Mortality rate of pneumonia caused by L. pneumophila is around 10% but this rate is higher in cases of nosocomial outbreaks and in immunosuppressed patients with approximately 25% of mortality.
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It is part of: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia (English Edition), 2017, vol. 23, num. 3, p. 115-116
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ISSN: 2173-5115
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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