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Title: Axl expression is increased in early stages of left ventricular remodeling in an animal model with pressure-overload
Author: Batlle, Montserrat
Castillo, Nadia
Alcarraz, Anna
Sarvari, Sebastian
Sangüesa Puigventós, Gemma
Cristóbal, Helena
García de Frutos, Pablo
Sitges Carreño, Marta
Mont Girbau, Lluís
Guasch i Casany, Eduard
Keywords: Pressió sanguínia
Models biològics
Blood pressure
Biological models
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2019
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Background: AXL is a receptor tyrosine kinase that has been related to kidney and vascular disorders. Heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction have higher AXL in serum than controls. No information about Axl expression with HF progression is available. Methods: Thoracic transverse aortic constriction (TAC) was successfully performed on male Wistar rats (n = 25) with different constriction levels. Controls underwent sham surgery (n = 12). Echocardiography measurements were performed 4-8 weeks after surgery. Collagen deposition was measured with picrosirius red staining. Axl mRNA levels in left ventricle (LV), left kidney (LK) and ascending aorta (aAo) and the LV expression of cardiac remodeling and fibrogenic factors were quantified with real-time PCR. AXL LV protein levels were quantified with western blot and localization was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Soluble AXL levels in plasma were assayed with ELISA. Results: Successful TAC rats were classified into LV hypertrophy (LVH) or heart failure (HF), modeling the progressive cardiac changes after pressure overload. Collagen deposition was increased only in the HF group. LV Axl mRNA levels were higher in LVH and HF than in Sham rats, and correlated with LVHi, and hypertrophic and fibrogenic mediators. However, no association was found with LV systolic function. AXL was expressed in LV myocytes and other cell types. Concentration of circulating sAXL in plasma was increased in the LVH group compared to Sham and HF rats. Axl mRNA levels were similar in all groups in the LK and aAo. Conclusions: Axl expression pattern suggests a role in the early progression of LV remodeling in HF but not in the later systolic dysfunction. The higher levels of circulating AXL found in HF patients most probably shed from the heart.
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It is part of: Plos One, 2019, vol. 14, num. 6, p. e0217926
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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