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Title: Supernova driving. I. The origin of molecular cloud turbulence
Author: Padoan, Paolo
Pan, Liubin
Haugbolle, Troels
Nordlund, Ake
Keywords: Supernoves
Formació d'estels
Star formation
Issue Date: 27-Apr-2016
Publisher: Institute of Physics (IOP)
Abstract: Turbulence is ubiquitous in molecular clouds (MCs), but its origin is still unclear because MCs are usually assumed to live longer than the turbulence dissipation time. Interstellar medium (ISM) turbulence is likely driven by supernova (SN) explosions, but it has never been demonstrated that SN explosions can establish and maintain a turbulent cascade inside MCs consistent with the observations. In this work, we carry out a simulation of SN-driven turbulence in a volume of (250 pc)(3), specifically designed to test if SN driving alone can be responsible for the observed turbulence inside MCs. We find that SN driving establishes a velocity scaling consistent with the usual scaling laws of supersonic turbulence, suggesting that previous idealized simulations of MC turbulence, driven with a random, large-scale volume force, were correctly adopted as appropriate models for MC turbulence, despite the artificial driving. We also find that the same scaling laws extend to the interiors of MCs, and that the velocity-size relation of the MCs selected from our simulation is consistent with that of MCs from the Outer-Galaxy Survey, the largest MC sample available. The mass-size relation and the mass and size probability distributions also compare successfully with those of the Outer Galaxy Survey. Finally, we show that MC turbulence is super-Alfvenic with respect to both the mean and rms magnetic-field strength. We conclude that MC structure and dynamics are the natural result of SN-driven turbulence.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Astrophysical Journal, 2016, vol. 822, num. 1, p. 11
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ISSN: 0004-637X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB))

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