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Title: The Beaker phenomenon and the genomic transformation of northwest europe
Author: Zilhão, João, 1957-
Majó, Tona
Risch, Robert
Lalueza Fox, Carles, 1965-
Olalde, Iñigo
Rohland, Nadin
Mallick, Swapan
Lipson, Mark
Lazaridis, Iosif
Broomandkhoshbacht, Nasreen
Ferry, Matthew
Harney, Eadaoin
Michel, Megan
Oppenheimer, Jonas
Stewardson, Kristin
Reich, David
Patterson, Nick
Stockhammer, Philipp W.
Massy, Ken
Kristiansen, Kristian
Armit, Ian
Barnes, Ian
Haak, Wolfgang
Prieto, Pilar
Rojo Guerra, Manuel A.
Serralongue, Joël
Silva, Ana Maria
Ríos, Patricia
Modi, Alessandra
Lomba Maurandi, Joaquín
Garrido Pena, Rafael
Francès i Farrè, Joan
Bonsall, Laura
Blasco, Concepción
Bernabò Brea, Maria
Avilés Fernández, Azucena
Fernandes, Daniel
Liesau, Corina
Czene, András
Lemercier, Olivier
Keywords: Ceràmica
Neolithic period
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: From around 2750 to 2500 bc, Bell Beaker pottery became widespread across western and central Europe, before it disappeared between 2200 and 1800 bc. The forces that propelled its expansion are a matter of long-standing debate, and there is support for both cultural diffusion and migration having a role in this process. Here we present genome-wide data from 400 Neolithic, Copper Age and Bronze Age Europeans, including 226 individuals associated with Beaker-complex artefacts. We detected limited genetic affinity between Beaker-complex-associated individuals from Iberia and central Europe, and thus exclude migration as an important mechanism of spread between these two regions. However, migration had a key role in the further dissemination of the Beaker complex. We document this phenomenon most clearly in Britain, where the spread of the Beaker complex introduced high levels of steppe-related ancestry and was associated with the replacement of approximately 90% of Britain's gene pool within a few hundred years, continuing the east-to-west expansion that had brought steppe-related ancestry into central and northern Europe over the previous centuries.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Nature, 2018, vol. 555, p. 190-196
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ISSN: 0028-0836
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Història i Arqueologia)

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