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Title: Lifestyle factors and visceral adipose tissue: Results from the PREDIMED-PLUS study
Author: Galmes Panades, Aina M.
Konieczna, Jadwiga
Abete, Itziar
Colom, Antoni
Rosique Esteban, Núria
Zulet, Maria Angeles
Vázquez Ruiz, Zenaida
Estruch Riba, Ramon
Vidal i Cortada, Josep
Toledo Atucha, Estefanía
Babio, Nancy
Fiol Sala, Miguel
Casas, Rosa
Vera, Josep
Buil Cosiales, Pilar
Paz, José Antonio de
Goday Arnó, Albert
Salas Salvadó, Jordi
Martínez, J. Alfredo, 1957-
Romaguera, Dora
PREDIMED Study Investigators
Keywords: Obesitat
Teixit adipós
Adipose tissues
Issue Date: 25-Jan-2019
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Background: Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is a strong predictor of cardiometabolic health, and lifestyle factors may have a positive influence on VAT depot. This study aimed to assess the cross-sectional associations between baseline levels of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviours (SB) and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) with VAT depot in older individuals with overweight/obesity and metabolic syndrome. Methods: Baseline data of the PREDIMED-Plus study including a sample of 1,231 Caucasian men and women aged 55-75 years were used. Levels of leisure-time PA (total, light, and moderate-to-vigorous, in METs·min/day) and SB (total and TV-viewing, in h/day) were evaluated using validated questionnaires. Adherence to the MedDiet was evaluated using a 17-item energy-restricted MedDiet (erMedDiet) screener. The chair-stand test was used to estimate the muscle strength. VAT depot was assessed with DXA-CoreScan. Multivariable adjusted linear regression models were used to evaluate the association between lifestyle factors and VAT. For the statistics we had used multiadjusted linear regression models. Results: Total leisure-time PA (100 METs·min/day: β -24.3g, -36.7;-11.9g), moderate-to-vigorous PA (β -27.8g, 95% CI -40.8;-14.8g), chair-stand test (repeat: β -11.5g, 95% CI -20.1;-2.93g) were inversely associated, and total SB (h/day: β 38.2g, 95% CI 14.7;61.7) positively associated with VAT. Light PA, TV-viewing time and adherence to an erMedDiet were not significantly associated with VAT. Conclusions: In older adults with overweigh/obesity and metabolic syndrome, greater PA, muscle strength, and lower total SB were associated with less VAT depot. In this study, adherence to an erMedDiet was not associated with lower VAT.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2019, vol. 14, num. 1, p. e0210726
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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