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Title: A possible black hole in the gamma-ray microquasar LS 5039
Author: Casares, J.
Ribó Gomis, Marc
Ribas Canudas, Ignasi
Paredes i Poy, Josep Maria
Martí, Javier
Herrero, Artemio
Keywords: Estels
Raigs X
Matèria fosca (Astronomia)
Dark matter (Astronomy)
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Royal Astronomical Society
Abstract: The population of high energy and very high energy gamma-ray sources, detected with EGRET and the new generation of ground-based Cherenkov telescopes, conforms a reduced but physically important sample. Most of these sources are extragalactic (e.g., blazars), while among the galactic ones there are pulsars and SN remnants. The microquasar LS 5039, previously proposed to be associated with an EGRET source by Paredes et al. (2000), has recently been detected at TeV energies, confirming that microquasars should be regarded as a class of high energy gamma-ray sources. To model and understand how the energetic photons are produced and escape from LS 5039 it is crucial to unveil the nature of the compact object, which remains unknown. Here we present new intermediate-dispersion spectroscopy of this source which, combined with values reported in the literature, provides an orbital period of 3.90603+/-0.00017 d, a mass function f(M)=0.0053+/-0.0009 M_sun, and an eccentricity e=0.35+/-0.04. Atmosphere model fitting to the spectrum of the optical companion, together with our new distance estimate of d=2.5+/-0.1 kpc, yields R_opt=9.3+0.7-0.6 R_sun, log (L_opt/L_sun)=5.26+/-0.06, and M_opt=22.9+3.4-2.9 M_sun. These, combined with our dynamical solution and the assumption of pseudo-synchronization, yield an inclination i=24.9+/-2.8 degree and a compact object mass M_X=3.7+1.3-1.0 M_sun. This is above neutron star masses for most of the standard equations of state and, therefore, we propose that the compact object in LS 5039 is a black hole. We finally discuss about the implications of our orbital solution and new parameters of the binary system on the CNO products, the accretion/ejection energetic balance, the SN explosion scenario, and the behaviour of the TeV emission with the new orbital period.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2005, vol. 364, p. 899-908
ISSN: 0035-8711
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física Quàntica i Astrofísica)

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