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Title: Formylation of electron-rich aromatic rings mediated by dichloromethyl methyl ether and TiCl4: scope and limitations
Author: Ramos Tomillero, Iván
Paradís Bas, Marta
Moreira, Ibério de Pinho Ribeiro
Bofill i Villà, Josep M.
Nicolás Galindo, Ernesto
Albericio Palomera, Fernando
Keywords: Aldehids
Hidrocarburs aromàtics policíclics
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Issue Date: 26-Mar-2015
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: The conventional electrophilic intramolecular aromatic substitution pathway proposed by Cresp et al. [J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1 1973, 340 345] is confirmed by the observed products of phenolic formylation mediated by TiCl4. However, when the nucleophilic path is quenched by appropriate ligand modification, the initial equilibria between the possible neutral complexes of TiCl4 with 3,5-dimethoxy-phenol and/or diethyl ether lead to different stable diradical intermediates induced by valence tautomerism that provide valuable activated reagents. Some of these species have been detected by EPR, characterized theoretically and captured by TEMPO, thus providing a consistent mechanism for the reaction with one or more equivalents of TEMPO per phenol.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Molecules, 2015, vol. 20, num. 4, p. 5409-5422
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ISSN: 1420-3049
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Química Inorgànica i Orgànica)
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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