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Title: Size of the whole versus number of parts in genomes
Author: Hernández Fernández, Antoni
Baixeries, Jaume
Forns Fradera, Núria
Ferrer i Cancho, Ramon
Keywords: Genomes
Ús lingüístic
Linguistic usage
Issue Date: 5-Aug-2011
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: It is known that chromosome number tends to decrease as genome size increases in angiosperm plants. Here the relationship between number of parts (the chromosomes) and size of the whole (the genome) is studied for other groups of organisms from different kingdoms. Two major results are obtained. First, the finding of relationships of the kind 'the more parts the smaller the whole' as in angiosperms, but also relationships of the kind 'the more parts the larger the whole'. Second, these dependencies are not linear in general. The implications of the dependencies between genome size and chromosome number are two-fold. First, they indicate that arguments against the relevance of the finding of negative correlations consistent with Menzerath-Altmann law (a linguistic law that relates the size of the parts with the size of the whole) in genomes are seriously flawed. Second, they unravel the weakness of a recent model of chromosome lengths based upon random breakage that assumes that chromosome number and genome size are independent.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Entropy, 2011, vol. 13, num. 8, p. 1465-1480
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ISSN: 1099-4300
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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