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Title: The influence of gender and body dissatisfaction on body‐related attentional bias: An eye‐tracking and virtual reality study
Author: Porras-García, Bruno
Ferrer, Marta (Ferrer García)
Ghiţă, Alexandra
Moreno, Manuel
López-Jiménez, Laura
Vallvé‐Romeu, Alba
Serrano Troncoso, Eduardo
Gutiérrez Maldonado, José
Keywords: Imatge corporal
Estudis de gènere
Realitat virtual
Body image
Gender studies
Virtual reality
Issue Date: 13-Jul-2019
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Objective In the attentional bias (AB) phenomenon, eating disorder (ED) patients show a tendency to pay more attention to self‐attributed unattractive body parts than to other body parts. However, little research has focused on gender differences in body‐related attention, controlling for body dissatisfaction (BD). This study aimed to assess gender differences in AB toward specific weight‐ or nonweight‐related body parts using a virtual reality (VR)‐based embodiment technique and an eye‐tracking AB assessment. Method Forty‐five women (23 with high BD and 22 with low BD) and 40 men (20 with high BD and 20 with low BD) were subsequently embodied in three virtual avatars, the first based on the participant's actual measurements, the second being larger than the participant, and the third being the same as the first avatar. The number of fixations and complete fixation time on weight‐related areas of interest (W‐AOIs) and nonweight‐related areas of interest (NW‐AOIs) were recorded for the three assessment time/avatars. Results The results showed a statistically significant interaction between gender and time for total fixation time and number of fixations (p < .05). BD levels did not significantly affect the results. Overall, women paid more attention to the W‐AOIs than men, who in turn paid more attention to the NW‐AOIs. Furthermore, preliminary evidence was found for an AB toward muscular‐related AOIs among men. Conclusions This study provides new information about gender differences and BD in gaze pattern behaviors. Future psychological ED assessments and treatments could take advantage of the possibilities of VR while real‐time AB is objectively measured.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: International Journal of Eating Disorders, 2019, vol. 52, num. 10, p. 1181-1190
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ISSN: 0276-3478
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia)

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