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Title: Ontological insecurity and subjective feelings of unsafety: Analysing socially constructed fears in Italy
Author: Valente, Riccardo
Valera, Sergi
Keywords: Seguretat (Psicologia)
Esquema corporal
Marginació social
Security (Psychology)
Body schema
Social marginality
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Perception of insecurity arises as a complex social phenomenon affected by factors that go beyond actual crime rates. Previous contributions to the field of fear of crime studies have shown, for instance, that the perception of social and physical disorder may generate insecurity among residents even in contexts where crime is comparatively low. Meanwhile, sociological approaches have led to a conceptualization of insecurity as an umbrella sentiment grounded in a wider feeling of unease. Building further on this assumption, data gathered in a large-scale survey in Italy (n = 15,428) were analysed by implementing exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis with the objective of assessing the validity of a model of 'ontological insecurity'. The results of our analysis support a conceptualization of insecurity where socially constructed anxieties (due to health and financial precariousness), as well as ethnic, sexual and religious-based stigmatization, play a prominent role in determining an individual's feeling of insecurity.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Social Science Research, 2018, vol. 71, p. 160-170
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ISSN: 0049-089X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa)

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