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Title: Betel and tobacco chewing habit and its relation to risk factors for periodontal disease
Author: Giovannoni, María Laura
Valdivia Gandur, Ivan
Lozano de Luaces, Vicente
Varela Véliz, Héctor
Balasubbaiah, Yamadala
Chimenos Küstner, Eduardo
Keywords: Tractament del tabaquisme
Malalties periodontals
Smoking cessation
Periodontal disease
Issue Date: Jul-2018
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To comparatively assess periodontal status in patients who chew different products and patients who do not have this habit and to assess how this practice interacts with predisposing factors and risk indicators of disease. METHODS: Patients included in the dental care carried out in a rural community in India were considered for a cross-sectional study. The simplified oral hygiene index and the community periodontal index (CPI) were assessed. Furthermore, a validated survey with items concerning chewing habits was administered. Statistical analysis of the effects of age range, gender, chewing products and hygiene status on CPI was performed. RESULTS: In total, 1,023 patients met the inclusion criteria. The chewer patients (430) exhibited a significantly higher CPI than the non-chewers (593). The chewing habit increased the likelihood of a higher CPI by 6.76-fold, while excellent-good oral hygiene status decreased the probability of a higher CPI by approximately 45%. CPI did not differ significantly among chewers of different products. CONCLUSION: In the population studied, a chewing habit was associated with a worse periodontal status, and this association was not modified by gender and age as predisposing factors. Oral hygiene could decrease the effect of chewing habit on periodontal health.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Oral Diseases, 2018, vol. 24, num. 5, p. 829-839
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ISSN: 1354-523X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Odontoestomatologia)

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