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Title: Middle-Upper Triassic stratigraphy and structure in the Alt Palància region (eastern Iberian Chain): A multidisciplinary approach
Author: Ortí Cabo, Federico
Guimerà i Rosso, Joan J.
Götz, A.E.
Keywords: Triàsic
Geologia estructural
Serralada Ibèrica
Triassic Period
Stratigraphic geology
Structural geology
Iberian Mountains
Issue Date: Feb-2020
Publisher: (UB). (ICTJA). (IDEA). (UAB). (CSIC)
Abstract: The present study provides new data of the Middle-Upper Triassic successions and their deformation in the eastern Iberian Chain, where contractional tectonics during the Cenozoic disrupted this Mediterranean type of Triassic rocks. The succession, divided into three Muschelkalk units, was studied in the Alt Palància area. In this area, both the lower and upper Muschelkalk consist of two main types of sub-units, those made up of carbonate and those of carbonate-marl alternation. The marked similarity observed between the evaporite units of the middle Muschelkalk and the Keuper hampers their unambiguous discrimination in the field. The integration of geological mapping, stratigraphic logging, palynological dating and gypsum isotope analysis should provide that: i) a change in the structural style, facies, and depositional thickness occurs across a SW to NE transect at both sides of the Espina-Espadà Fault, providing evidence for the extensional activity of this major structure; ii) palynological data assign Anisian age to the Röt facies and to the lower and the middle Muschelkalk units, and Ladinian to the upper Muschelkalk unit; iii) the δ34SCDT and δ18OSMOW values of gypsum are an useful proxy to discriminate between the middle Muschelkalk (δ34S: 15.6 to 17.8¿) and the Keuper (δ34S: 14 to 15.5¿) units; and iv) the isotopic signature also helps to identify clayey-marly-gypsiferous outcrops made up of the two evaporite facies due to tectonic juxtaposition. These results confirm the Mediterranean type of Triassic rocks for the entire Alt Palància and other areas to the NE. This multidisciplinary approach has proved to be a robust method to study Triassic basins in Iberia and in other geological domains where the carbonate-evaporite successions have been greatly disrupted by tectonism.
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It is part of: Geologica Acta, 2020, vol. 18, p. 1-26
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ISSN: 1695-6133
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Dinàmica de la Terra i l'Oceà)

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