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Title: Geological, geochemical and mineralogical characteristics of REE-bearing Las Mercedes bauxite deposit, Dominican Republic
Author: Torró i Abat, Lisard
Proenza Fernández, Joaquín Antonio
Aiglsperger, Thomas Hans
Bover-Arnal, Telm
Villanova de Benavent, Cristina
Rodriguez-Garcia, D.
Ramirez, A.
Rodriguez, J.
Mosquea, L. A.
Salas, Ramon (Salas Roig)
Keywords: Geoquímica
Química mineralògica
Jaciments minerals
República Dominicana
Mineralogical chemistry
Mineral deposits
Dominican Republic
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2017
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Bauxite deposits, traditionally the main source of 'aluminum, have been recently targeted for their remarkable contents in rare earth elements (REE). With Sigma REE (lanthanoids + Sc + Y) concentrations systematically higher than similar to 1400 ppm (ay. = 1530 ppm), the Las Mercedes karstic bauxites in the Dominican Republic rank as one of the REE-richest deposits of its style.The bauxitic ore in the Las Mercedes deposit is mostly unlithified and has a homogeneous-massive lithostructure, with only local cross-stratification and graded bedding. The dominant arenaceous and round-grained texture is composed of bauxite particles and subordinate ooids, pisoids and carbonate clasts. Mineralogically, the bauxite ore is composed mostly of gibbsite and lesser amounts of kaolinite, hematite, boehmite, anatase, goethite, chromian spinel and zircon. Identified REE-minerals include cerianite and monazite-Ce, whose composition accounts for the steady enrichment in light-relative to medium-and heavy-REE of the studied bauxites.Considering the paleo-geomorphology of the study area, we propose that bauxites in the Las Mercedes deposit are the product of the erosion and deposition of lithified bauxites located at higher elevations in the Bahoruco ranges. Based on the available data, we suggest a mixed lithological source for the bauxite deposits at the district scale: bedrock carbonates and an igneous source of likely mafic composition. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Ore Geology Reviews, 2017, vol. 89, p. 114-131
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ISSN: 0169-1368
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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