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Title: Geology of the 'Sénia stone' from Ulldecona, Catalonia (Aptian, Maestrat Basin, Iberian Chain) and its implications for regional stratigraphy
Author: Bover-Arnal, Telm
Salas, Ramon (Salas Roig)
Keywords: Estratigrafia
Ulldecona (Catalunya)
Stratigraphic geology
Ulldecona (Catalonia)
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Abstract: The municipality of the town of Ulldecona (Catalonia) is notable for extensive quarrying activities, which exploit limestone, popularly named Stone from Ulldecona, for ornamental and building purposes. The Stone from Ulldecona, commercially known as S enia stone, is one of the most important ornamental and building stones quarried in Catalonia, and is used worldwide in all kinds of public and private buildings. Little is known about the geological nature of this stratigraphic interval of commercial value. Therefore, this study explores the geology of the Stone from Ulldecona in open pit quarries and natural outcrops. The Stone from Ulldecona consists of limestones of upper lower Aptian age, including wackestone, packstone and grainstone textures containing peloids, miliolids, Palorbitolina lenticularis, Orbitolinopsis simplex, Paracoskinolina maynci, Lithocodium aggregatum, Choffatella decipiens, Salpingoporella muehlbergi, Chondrodonta, Toucasia carinata, Polyconites sp. and Mathesia darderi. These platform carbonates rich in orbitolinids and rudists belong to the Villarroya de los Pinares Formation of the Maestrat Basin. Locally, the limestones are highly bioturbated and/or dolomitized. Dolomitic limestones, calcitic dolostones and dolostones are stratabound tabular geobodies with thicknesses of up to 60 m. Dolomitic limestones and calcitic dolostones corresponding to initial and intermediate stages of dolomitization mainly exhibit isolated euhedral dolomite crystals or idiotopic mosaics. Dolostones (advanced dolomitization stages) are sucrose, exhibit vacuolar and cave porosities, and are characterized by idiotopic and hypidiotopic mosaics, which indicate temperatures lower than 50-60 C during dolomitization. Dolomite textures are mainly fabric-destructive and pervasive, but locally retentive and/or selective fabrics also occur. The limestones of the Villarroya de los Pinares Formation, the underlying marls of the Forcall Formation and the overlying marls and platform carbonates of the Benassal Formation examined can be arranged into two high-rank, low-frequency transgressive-regressive sequences. Similar coeval long-term transgressive- regressive trends have been reported from other basins, indicating that eustatism largely controlled accommodation of the Aptian succession studied in Ulldecona.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Cretaceous Research, 2019, vol. 96, p. 38-58
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ISSN: 0195-6671
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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