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Title: Phase behavior of binary mixture systems of saturated-unsaturated mixed-acid triacylglycerols: effects of glycerol structures and chain−chain interactions
Author: Bayés-García, Laura
Calvet Pallàs, Maria Teresa
Cuevas Diarte, Miguel Ángel
Ueno, S.
Sato, K.
Keywords: Cristal·lografia
Polimorfisme (Cristal·lografia)
Polymorphism (Crystallography)
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: We systematically examined the phase behavior of binary mixtures of mixed-acid triacylglycerols (TAGs) containing palmitic and oleic acid moieties 1,3-dioleoyl-2-palmitoyl-glycerol (OPO), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-3-oleoyl-rac-glycerol (PPO), and 1,2-dioleoyl-3-palmitoyl-rac-glycerol (OOP), which are widely present in natural fats and are employed in the food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries. Differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction methods were applied to observe the mixing behavior of PPO/OPO, OOP/OPO, and PPO/OOP under metastable and stable conditions. The results led to three conclusions: (1) Eutectic behavior was observed in PPO/OPO. (2) Molecular compound (MC) crystals were formed in the mixtures of OOP/OPO and PPO/OOP. (3) However, the MC crystals occurred only under metastable conditions and tended to separate into component TAGs to form eutectic mixture systems after 17 months of incubation. These results were contrary to those of previous studies on 1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-oleoyl glycerol (POP)/OPO and POP/PPO in which the MC crystals were thermodynamically stable. We determined that specific molecular interactions may cause this different phase behavior (stability of POP/OPO and POP/PPO MC crystals and metastability of OOP/OPO and PPO/OOP MC crystals). All results confirm the significant effects of molecular structures of glycerol groups, interactions of fatty acid chains, and polymorphism of the component TAGs on the mixing behavior of mixed-acid TAGs.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2015, vol. 119, num. 12, p. 4417-4427
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ISSN: 1520-6106
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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