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Title: Disruption of posterior brain functional connectivity and its relation to cognitive impairment in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder
Author: Campabadal, Anna
Abós, Alexandra
Segura i Fàbregas, Bàrbara
Serradell, Mónica
Uribe Codesal, Carme
Baggio, Hugo César
Gaig Ventura, Carles
Santamaria Cano, Joan
Compta, Yaroslau
Bargalló Alabart, Núria​
Junqué i Plaja, Carme, 1955-
Iranzo, Alex
Keywords: Imatges per ressonància magnètica
Trastorns del son
Magnetic resonance imaging
Sleep disorders
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Background: Resting-state functional MRI has been proposed as a new biomarker of prodromal neurodegenerative disorders, but it has been poorly investigated in the idiopathic form of rapid-eye-movement sleep behavior disorder (IRBD), a clinical harbinger of subsequent synucleinopathy. Particularly, a complex-network approach has not been tested to study brain functional connectivity in IRBD patients. Objectives: The aim of the current work is to characterize resting-state functional connectivity in IRBD patients using a complex-network approach and to determine its possible relation to cognitive impairment. Method: Twenty patients with IRBD and 27 matched healthy controls (HC) underwent resting-state functional MRI with a 3T scanner and a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. The functional connectome was studied using threshold-free network-based statistics. Global and local network parameters were calculated based on graph theory and compared between groups. Head motion, age and sex were introduced as covariates in all analyses. Results: IRBD patients showed reduced cortico-cortical functional connectivity strength in comparison with HC in edges located in posterior regions (p <0.05, FWE corrected). This regional pattern was also shown in an independent analysis comprising posterior areas where a decreased connectivity in 51 edges was found, whereas no significant results were detected when an anterior network was considered (p <0.05, FWE corrected). In the posterior network, the left superior parietal lobule had reduced centrality in IRBD. Functional connectivity strength between left inferior temporal lobe and right superior parietal lobule positively correlated with mental processing speed in IRBD (r=.633; p=.003). No significant correlations were found in the HC group. Conclusion: : Our findings support the presence of disrupted posterior functional brain connectivity of IRBD patients similar to that found in synucleinopathies. Moreover, connectivity reductions in IRBD were associated with lower performance in mental processing speed domain.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Neuroimage-Clinical, 2020, vol. 25, p. 102138
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ISSN: 2213-1582
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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