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|Title:||Short and long-term effects of GPS measured crustal deformation rates along the South-Central Andes|
|Abstract:||In this study we present the contemporary crustal deformation field along the central and southern Andes (17-42\deg S) estimated from four Global Positioning System (GPS) campaigns conducted in 1994-97. We find that the majority of the observed crustal deformation field is relatively homogenous: roughly parallel to the plate convergence direction with decreasing velocities away from the trench. We attribute this type of deformation pattern to the inter-seismic phase of an earthquake deformation cycle caused by 100\% locking of the thrust interface between the subducting Nazca and the overriding South American plates. We have also detected a strong post-seismic deformation signal in the vicinity of the 1995 M$_w$8.0 Antofagasta (22-26\deg S) and 1960 M$_w$9.5 Chile (38-43\deg S) earthquakes. This type of deformation can be described as short-term in nature compared to geological timescales. The above conclusions are based on the results of the 3-D Andean Elastic Dislocation Model (AEDM). By subtracting the AEDM predicted deformation rates from the observations we obtained a residual velocity field, that highlights the post-seismic, as well as more long-term deformation effects. For example, we find a strong evidence for the continuing crustal shortening across the back-arc, reaching its maximum (4 mm/yr) in the very north of our study area. In addition, between latitudes 29-34\deg S, there is an indication of E-W oriented extension within the fore-arc, in accordance with the recent geologic findings for the N-S oriented normal faulting.|
|Note:||Reproducció del document publicat a:|
|It is part of:||Journal of Geophysical Research, 2003, vol. 108, num. B6, p. 2289-2306|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles publicats en revistes (Dinàmica de la Terra i l'Oceà)|
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