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Title: Compound-specific carbon isotope analysis of volatile organic compounds in water using solid-phase microextraction.
Author: Autor Palau, Jordi
Soler i Gil, Albert
Teixidor, P.
Aravena R.
Keywords: Hidrologia d'aigües subterrànies
Isòtops de carboni
Groundwater hydrology
Carbon isotopes
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: The compound-specific isotope analysis technique in conjunction with solid-phase microextraction using a Carboxen-polydimethylsiloxane fiber was tested and implemented for isotopes analysis of organic compounds aiming for environmental application in contaminated groundwater. δ13C values of several chlorinated methanes and ethenes, toluene and chlorobenzene were determined using a gas chromatograph coupled to an isotope ratio mass spectrometer through a combustion interface. Direct and headspace solid-phase microextraction (D-SPME, HS-SPME) methods were tested in order to determine the optimum conditions to obtain reproducible δ13C values at very low concentration (ug/L range) and, to elucidate the carbon isotopic effects associated with the competitive extraction. For D-SPME higher accuracy and precision of δ13C results were obtained with no salted aqueous standards. Despite that the δ13C of those compounds analyzed with both methods showed similar precision (< 0.5 ¿) and accuracy, the highest sensitivity was reached with HS-SPME. Furthermore, the δ13C values of cis-1,2-dichloroethylene, chorinated methanes and aromatic compounds obtained using HS-SPME showed measurable deviations respect to the isotopic composition of pure phase compounds, however, these deviations are constant according to the analytical uncertainties, indicating that they are not affected by competitive extraction and, they could be corrected using standard correction technique based on internal calibrated standards.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Chromatography A, 2007, vol. 1163, num. 1-2, p. 260-268
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ISSN: 0021-9673
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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