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Title: Priority pesticide dichlorvos removal from water by ozonation process: reactivity, transformation products and associated toxicity
Author: Cruz Alcalde, Alberto
Sans Mazón, Carme
Esplugas Vidal, Santiago
Keywords: Ozonització
Depuració de l'aigua
Water purification
Issue Date: 9-Feb-2018
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: The treatability of waters contaminated with priority pesticide dichlorvos (DDVP) by means of ozonation has been assessed for the first time. In order to do so, reaction kinetics, transformation mechanisms and associated toxicity have been inspected in detail. Second-order rate constants of DDVP reactions with O3 and OH· were determined to be 590 and 2.2·109 M-1s-1, respectively. These values partly explained the degradation profiles obtained during experiments with and without the presence of an OH· scavenger, in which the significant contribution of the indirect degradative route in the removal of DDVP was revealed. LC-MS analyses for ozonated samples allowed the elucidation of desmethyl dichlorvos (d-DDVP), dichloroacetic acid (DCA) and dimethyl phosphate (DMP) as main transformation products (TPs), being the latter a common intermediate of both O3 and OH·-mediated oxidations. Three possible degradation routes were proposed for OH· degradation, whereas the direct oxidation by O3 was only well-explained by the addition of this oxidant to the double bond of DDVP dichlorovinyl moiety. Microtox® bioassays revealed the inability of molecular ozone to reduce the toxicity of the medium and pointed out the importance of OH· contribution in the degradation process. In general, ozonation could be a suitable treatment alternative for DDVP, formed TPs and associated toxicity abatement.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Separation and Purification Technology, 2018, vol. 192, p. 123-129
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ISSN: 1383-5866
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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