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Title: Dietary Epicatechin Is Available to Breastfed Infants through Human Breast Milk in the Form of Host and Microbial Metabolites
Author: Khymenets, Olha
Rabassa Bonet, Montserrat
Rodríguez-Palmero Seuma, María
Rivero Urgell, M. Montserrat
Urpí Sardà, Mireia
Tulipani, Sara
Brandi, P.
Campoy Folgoso, Cristina
Santos-Buelga, Celestino
Andrés Lacueva, Ma. Cristina
Keywords: Alletament
Hàbits alimentaris
Llet materna
Espectrometria de masses
Food habits
Breast milk
Mass spectrometry
Issue Date: 6-Jul-2016
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: Polyphenols play an important role in human health. To address their accessibility to a breastfed infant, we planned to evaluate whether breast milk (BM) (colostrum, transitional, and mature) epicatechin metabolites could be related to the dietary habits of mothers. The polyphenol consumption of breastfeeding mothers was estimated using a food frequency questionnaire and 24 h recalls. Solid-phase extraction-ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (SPE-UPLC-MS/MS) was applied for direct epicatechin metabolite analysis. Their bioavailability in BM as a result of dietary ingestion was confirmed in a preliminary experiment with a single dose of dark chocolate. Several host and microbial phase II metabolites of epicatechin were detected in BM among free-living lactating mothers. Interestingly, a modest correlation between dihydroxyvalerolactone sulfate and the intake of cocoa products was observed. Although a very low percentage of dietary polyphenols is excreted in BM, they are definitely in the diet of breastfed infants. Therefore, evaluation of their role in infant health could be further promoted.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2016, vol. 64, num. 26, p. 5354-5360
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ISSN: 0021-8561
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca en Nutrició i Seguretat Alimentària (INSA·UB))
Articles publicats en revistes (Nutrició, Ciències de l'Alimentació i Gastronomia)

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