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Title: The New Pyrenees. Contemporary conflicts around patrimony, resources and urbanization
Author: Vaccaro, Ismael
Beltran, Oriol
Keywords: Ordenació del paisatge
Desenvolupament rural
Gestió de recursos naturals
Pallars Sobirà (Catalunya)
Landscaping industry
Rural development
Management of natural resources
Pallars Sobirà (Catalonia)
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: American Anthropological Association
Abstract: In the last twenty years the Pyrenean social landscape has experienced a significant change associated with shifts on the uses of its natural resources. Communities previously characterized by their high rates of depopulation are now in a process of relative demographic recovery. This change is associated to a shift from primary economic activities such as ranching, timber extraction or agriculture to an economic model based on leisure and services. In other words, the current Pyrenees are not dominated by agro-ranching practices. Nowadays the range is increasingly occupied by economic and social initiatives devoted to foster tourism and to cover the needs of visitors. In Spain this change has connected areas of the periphery of the countryside with its urban markets. It has moved the area from a set of marginal and unprofitable economic activities to a highly profitable market based on seasonal tourism and territorial speculation. The economic and symbolic reconstruction of the mountains from pastures into ski runs, for instance, has revealed all their economic potential in this globalized era of ours. This paper is focused in the Pallars Sobirà, a Western district of the Catalan Pyrenees. It explores the consequences of this reconfiguration of the natural resources of an area. Nature becomes patrimony: it is either protected through conservation policies designed by the state, or exploited by local or external corporations. In any case, these recent changes are having significant impacts on settlement patterns, community identity, and public policies.
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It is part of: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Europe, 2008, vol. 8, num. 2, p. 4-15
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ISSN: 1535-5632
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Antropologia Social)

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