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Title: Dopamine Release Induced by Atypical Antipsychotics in Prefrontal Cortex Requires 5-HT(1A) Receptors but Not 5-HT(2A) Receptors
Author: Bortolozzi Biasoni, Analía
Masana Nadal, Mercè
Díaz Mataix, Llorenç
Cortés, Roser
Scorza, María Cecilia
Gingrich, Jay A
Toth, Miklos
Artigas Pérez, Francesc
Keywords: Antipsicòtics
Escorça frontal
Receptors de serotonina
Antipsychotic drugs
Prefrontal cortex
Serotonin receptors
Issue Date: 17-Feb-2010
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract: Atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) increase dopamine (DA) release in prefrontal cortex (PFC), an effect probably mediated by the direct or indirect activation of the 5-HT(1A) receptor (5-HT(1A)R). Given the very low in-vitro affinity of most APDs for 5-HT(1A)Rs and the large co-expression of 5-HT(1A)Rs and 5-HT(2A) receptors (5-HT(2A)Rs) in the PFC, this effect might result from the imbalance of 5-HT(1A)R and 5-HT(2A)R activation after blockade of these receptors by APDs, for which they show high affinity. Here we tested this hypothesis by examining the dependence of the APD-induced DA release in medial PFC (mPFC) on each receptor by using in-vivo microdialysis in wild-type (WT) and 5-HT(1A)R and 5-HT(2A)R knockout (KO) mice. Local APDs (clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone) administered by reverse dialysis induced a dose-dependent increase in mPFC DA output equally in WT and 5-HT(2A)R KO mice whereas the DA increase was absent in 5-HT(1A)R KO mice. To examine the relative contribution of both receptors to the clozapine-induced DA release in rat mPFC, we silenced G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in vivo with N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) while 5-HT(1A)Rs or 5-HT(2A)/2CRs in the mPFC were selectively protected with the respective antagonists WAY-100635 or ritanserin. The inactivation of GPCRs while preserving ∼70% of 5-HT(2A)/(2C)Rs prevented the clozapine-induced DA rise in mPFC. In contrast, clozapine increased DA in mPFC of EEDQ-treated rats whose 5-HT(1A)Rs were protected (∼50% of control rats). These results indicate that (1) 5-HT(1A)Rs are necessary for the APDs-induced elevation in cortical DA transmission, and (2) this effect does not require 5-HT(2A)R blockade by APDs.
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It is part of: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 2010, vol. 13, num. 10, p. 1299-1314
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ISSN: 1461-1457
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biomedicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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