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Title: Characterization, classification and authentication of turmeric and curry samples by targeted LC-HRMS polyphenolic and curcuminoid profiling and chemometrics
Author: Núñez, Nerea
Vidal-Casanella, Oscar
Sentellas, Sonia
Saurina, Javier
Núñez Burcio, Oscar
Keywords: Quimiometria
Cromatografia de líquids
Liquid chromatography
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: The importance of monitoring bioactive substances as food features to address sample classification and authentication is increasing. In this work, targeted LC-HRMS polyphenolic and curcuminoid profiles were evaluated as chemical descriptors to deal with the characterization and classification of turmeric and curry samples. The profiles corresponding to bioactive substances were obtained by TraceFinderTM software using accurate mass databases with 53 and 24 polyphenolic and curcuminoid related compounds, respectively. For that purpose, 21 turmeric and 9 curry samples commercially available were analyzed in triplicate by a simple liquid-solid extraction procedure using dimethyl sulfoxide as extracting solvent. The obtained results demonstrate that the proposed profiles were excellent chemical descriptors for sample characterization and classification by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), achieving 100% classification rates. Curcuminoids and some specific phenolic acids such as trans-cinnamic, ferulic and sinapic acids, helped on the discrimination of turmeric samples; polyphenols, in general, were responsible for the curry sample distinction. Besides, the combination of both polyphenolic and curcuminoid profiles was necessary for the simultaneous characterization and classification of turmeric and curry samples. Discrimination among turmeric species such as Curcuma longa vs. Curcuma zedoaria, as well as among different Curcuma longa varieties (Alleppey, Madras, and Erode) was also accomplished.
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It is part of: Molecules, 2020, vol. 25, num. 12, p. 2942
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ISSN: 1420-3049
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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