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Title: Video Conference vs Face‐to‐Face Group Psychotherapy for Distressed Cancer Survivors : A Randomized Controlled Trial
Author: Lleras de Frutos, María
Medina Alcaraz, Juan Carlos
Vives Brosa, Jaume
Casellas-Grau, Anna
Marzo, J.L.
Borràs Andrés, Josep Maria
Ochoa Arnedo, Cristian
Keywords: Oncologia
Psicoteràpia de grup
Group psychotherapy
Issue Date: Jun-2020
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Abstract: Objective This study assesses the effectiveness of face‐to‐face group positive psychotherapy for cancer survivors (PPC) compared to its online adaptation, online group positive psychotherapy for cancer survivors (OPPC), which is held via videoconference. A two‐arm, pragmatic RCT was conducted to examine the effects of both interventions on emotional distress, posttraumatic stress (PTSS) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among cancer survivors and analyze attrition to treatment. Methods Adult women with a range of cancer diagnoses were invited to participate if they experienced emotional distress at the end of their primary oncological treatment. Emotional distress, PTSS and PTG were assessed at baseline, immediately after treatment and three months after treatment. Intention‐to‐treat analyses were carried out using general linear mixed models to test the effect of the interventions overtime. Logistic regressions were performed to test differential adherence to treatment and retention to follow‐up. Results A total of 269 individuals participated. The observed treatment effect was significant in both modalities, PPC and OPPC. Emotional distress (b = − 2.24, 95%CI = ‐3.15‐ −1.33) and PTSS (b = − 3.25, 95%CI = ‐4.97‐ −1.53) decreased significantly over time, and PTG (b = 3.08, 95%CI = 0.38‐5.78) increased significantly. Treatment gains were sustained across outcomes and over time. Analyses revealed no significant differences between modalities of treatment, after adjusting for baseline differences, finding that OPPC is as effective and engaging as PPC. Conclusions The OPPC treatment was found to be effective and engaging for female cancer early survivors. These results open the door for psycho‐oncology interventions via videoconference, which are likely to lead to greater accessibility and availability of psychotherapy.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Psycho-Oncology, 2020
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ISSN: 1057-9249
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia)

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