Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/169677
Title: Análisis de la crisis económica, política y social actual en Venezuela
Author: Sánchez Zambrano, Juan Antonio
Director/Tutor: Rodríguez Martínez, Marisol, 1951-
Keywords: Economia
Crisis econòmiques
Veneçuela
Treballs de fi de grau
Economics
Depressions
Venezuela
Bachelor's thesis
Issue Date: Jul-2020
Abstract: [spa] En este trabajo hemos analizado la evolución de la estructura económica en Venezuela durante el periodo de 2008 a 2018 para conocer las causas y consecuencias de la crisis actual. Se ha observado un elevado déficit público y una balanza de pagos deficitaria en el periodo previo a la recesión. El boom del petróleo en 2011 hizo incrementar los ingresos públicos, pero el gasto aumentaba aún más. Esto generó desequilibrios internos de difícil solución una vez llegada la caída del precio del petróleo y un cambio estructural internacional en 2014. Las familias y empresas han hecho un esfuerzo en reducir su deuda, disminuyendo el consumo y la inversión. Sin embargo, la política monetaria y fiscal aplicada no han sido las adecuadas, disparando aún más el déficit público e incrementando de manera descontrolada la base monetaria, generando hiperinflación. Esto ha generado que esta crisis, que inicialmente afectó a muchos países dependientes de materias primas, se alargase y profundizase aún más en el caso de Venezuela, con consecuencias sociales como el aumento de la pobreza y de las migraciones.
[eng] In this project we did some research about the structure of the economy in Venezuela between 2008 and 2018, because we want to know the causes and consequences of the recent crisis. We found that the general government deficit and the balance of payments had important problems before the beginning of recession. The boom of petrol in 2011 made government income increase a lot, but the State spent more and they did not fix the imbalances. When the international structure changed with the crash in oil prices in 2014, Venezuela began a recession. The country still has the past problems and they will need to fix them if they want to end the crisis. Families and companies have made an effort to reduce their debt, but their consumption and investment were decreased. However, the monetary and fiscal policy were not appropriate. The general government deficit has increased to finance it they are monetizing the debt, and this produces high levels of inflation. This crisis affects a lot of countries dependent on commodities, but these events in Venezuela have meant that recession rises and is prolonged. The results of the crisis are reflected in the social situation. Poverty increases, the population's health gets worse and the health system disappears. The people who can, leave Venezuela looking for a new place to live.
Note: Treballs Finals del Grau d'Economia, Facultat d'Economia i Empresa, Universitat de Barcelona, Curs: 2019-2020 , Tutor: Marisol Rodríguez Martínez
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/169677
Appears in Collections:Treballs Finals de Grau (TFG) - Economia

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