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Title: Serotype and clonal distribution dynamics of invasive pneumococcal strains after PCV13 introduction (2011-2016): Surveillance data from 23 sites in Catalonia, Spain
Author: Ludwig, Guillermo
Garcia Garcia, Selene
Lanaspa, Miguel
Ciruela, Pilar
Esteva, Cristina
Fernández de Sevilla, Mariona
Diaz Conradi, Alvaro
Martí, Carmina
Motje, Montse
Galles, Carme
Morta, Montse
Izquierdo, Conchita
Moraga Llop, Fernando
Campins, Magda
Salleras, Luis
Jané, Mireia
Dominguez, Angela
Garcia Garcia, Juan Jose
Muñoz Almagro, Carmen
Keywords: Vacunes
Streptococcus pneumonia
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Background: The objective of this study is to describe incidence and shifts of serotype and clonal distribution of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae strains in four different age groups (<5 years, 5-17 years, 18-64 years and >65 years) during a period of intermediate PCV13 vaccination coverage (2011-2016) in Catalonia, Spain. Methods: We included all pneumococcal strains systematically sent to the Catalan support laboratory for molecular surveillance of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) located at Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, Barcelona. Two study periods were considered: 2011-13, early PCV13 vaccination period (EVP) and 2014-2016, late vaccination period (LVP). Results A total of 2142 strains were included in the study. Five years after intermediate introduction of PCV13 in our population, a significant decrease of overall incidence of IPD in children <5 years was observed (incidence rate ratio 0.5, 95% confidence interval 0.4-0.8). However, in seniors older than 65 years, a significant increase of overall incidence of IPD was observed (IRR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-1.7). The contribution of PCV13 vaccine serotypes to IPD declined significantly in all age groups: from 59% to 38.1% in <5 years; 82.7% to 59% in 5-17 years, 47.8% to 34.1% in 18-64 years and 48.2% to 37% in >65 years. Results: found when comparing both periods were consistent with IRRs observed year by year. In children <5 years, the three major serotypes detected were 1, 24F and 19A in EVP vs 24F, 14 and 10A in LVP. Among patients 5-17 years the first three serotypes were 1, 12F and 14 both in EVP and LVP. Among adults 18-64, the three major serotypes detected were 1, 12F and 8 vs 8, 12F and 3, respectively. Finally, in patients >65 years the most frequently isolated serotypes were 3, 19A and 7F vs 3, 14 and 12F, respectively. Regarding clonal complexes (CCs) expressing mainly PCV13 serotypes, significant decreases of the proportions of CC306, CC191 and CC320 were observed, while CC156 showed a significant increase. As for CCs expressing mostly non-PCV13 serotypes, significant increases in ST989, CC53 and CC404 were showed. Conclusions: Despite low vaccine coverage in our setting a significant decrease of incidence of IPD was observed in children younger than 5 years. The modest indirect protection against vaccine serotypes causing IPD in elderly indicate the need for the inclusion of more serotypes in future high-valent PCV and vaccinating old adults should be considered.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2020, vol. 15, num. 2, p. e0228612
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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