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Title: Evaluation of on-line solid-phase extraction capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry with a nanoliter valve for the analysis of peptide biomarkers
Author: Peró Gascón, Roger
Benavente Moreno, Fernando J. (Julián)
Neusüß, Christian
Sanz Nebot, María Victoria
Keywords: Electroforesi capil·lar
Espectrometria de masses
Capillary electrophoresis
Mass spectrometry
Issue Date: 22-Sep-2020
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: On-line solid-phase extraction capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (SPE-CE-MS) is a powerful technique for high throughput sample clean-up and analyte preconcentration, separation, detection, and characterization. The most typical design due to its simplicity and low cost is unidirectional SPE-CE-MS. However, in this configuration, the sample volumes introduced by pressure depend on the dimensions of the separation capillary and some matrix components could be irreversibly adsorbed in its inner walls. Furthermore, in many cases, the requirements of on-line preconcentration are incompatible with the background electrolyte necessary for an efficient separation and sensitive MS detection. Here, we present SPE-CE-MS with a nanoliter valve (nvSPE-CE-MS) to overcome these drawbacks while keeping the design simple. The nvSPE-CE-MS system is operated with a single CE instrument and two capillaries for independent and orthogonal SPE preconcentration and CE separation, which are interfaced through an external and electrically isolated valve with a 20 nL sample loop. The instrumental setup is proved for the analysis of opioid and amyloid beta peptide biomarkers in standards and plasma samples. NvSPE-CE-MS allowed decreasing the limits of detection (LODs) 200 times with regard to CE-MS. Compared to unidirectional SPE-CE-MS, peak efficiencies were better and repeatabilities similar, but total analysis times longer and LODs for standards slightly higher due to the heart-cut operation and the limited volume of the valve loop. This small difference on the LODs for standards was compensated for plasma samples by the improved tolerance of nvSPE-CE-MS to complex sample matrices. In view of these results, the presented setup can be regarded as a promising versatile alternative to avoid complicated matrix samples entering the separation capillary in SPE-CE-MS.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Analytica Chimica Acta, 2020, vol. 1140, p. 1-9
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ISSN: 0003-2670
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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