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Title: Validation of the Spanish version of the questionnaire on Patient Empowerment in Long-Term Conditions
Author: Garcimartín Cerezo, Paloma
Comín Colet, Josep
Pardo-Cladellas, Yolanda
Badosa-Marcé, Neus
Linas-Alonso, Anna
Rosenfeld, Laia
Faraudo, Mercè
Valero, Oliver
Hidalgo, Encarna
Cainzos Achirica, Miguel
Ruiz, Sonia
Delgado-Hito, Pilar
Keywords: Pacients
Serveis de cures de llarga durada
Validació (Medicaments)
Long-term care facilities
Validation (Drug manufacture)
Issue Date: 12-Jun-2020
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Background: patient empowerment is a key factor in improving health outcomes. Objective: to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the questionnaire on Patient Empowerment in Long-Term Conditions (PELC) that evaluates the degree of empowerment of patients with chronic diseases. Methods: three measurements were made (at baseline, 2 weeks and 12 weeks) of quality of life (QoL), self-care, self-efficacy and empowerment. Reliability was evaluated as internal consistency for the entire sample. Test-retest reproducibility was evaluated for patients who were stable from baseline to week 2 (n = 70). Validity was analysed (n = 124) as baseline correlations with QoL, self-care, self-efficacy, clinical data and psychosocial variables. Sensitivity to change was analysed in terms of effect size for patients who had improved between baseline and week 12 (n = 48). Results: the study was carried out with 124 patients with a diagnosis of heart failure. Cronbach's alpha was high, at >0.9, and the interclass correlation coefficient was low, at 0.47. PELC questionnaire scores showed differences depending on New York Heart Association functional class (p<0.05) and, as posited in the a priori hypotheses, were moderately correlated with emotional dimensions of QoL (0.53) and self-efficacy (0.43). Effect size for the clinically improved subsample was moderate (0.67). Conclusions: the results suggest that the Spanish version of the PELC questionnaire has appropriate psychometric properties in terms of internal consistency and validity and is low in terms of reproducibility and sensitivity to change.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2020, vol. 15, num. 6, p. e0233338
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)
Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria Fonamental i Medicoquirúrgica)

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