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Title: Unlocking pre-1850 instrumental meteorological records: A global inventory
Author: Brönnimann, Stefan
Allan, ROB
Ashcroft, Linden
Baer, Saba
Barriendos i Vallvé, Mariano
Brázdil, Rudolf
Brugnara, Yuri
Brunet India, Manuela C.
Brunetti, Michele
Chimani, Barbara
Cornes, Richard
Domínguez-Castro, Fernando
Filipiak, Janusz
Founda, Dimitria
Garcia Herrera, Ricardo
Gergis, Joelle
Grab, Stefan
Hannak, Lisa
Huhtamaa, Heli
Jacobsen, Kim S.
Jones, Phil
Jourdain, Sylvie
Kiss, Andrea
Lin, Kuanhui E.
Lorrey, Andrew
Lundstad, Elin
Luterbacher, Jürg
Mauelshagen, Franz
Maugeri, Maurizio
Maughan, Nicolas
Moberg, Anders
Neukom, Raphael
Nicholson, Sharon
Noone, Simon
Nordli, Øyvind
Ólafsdóttir, Kristín Björg
Pearce, Petra R.
Pfister, Lucas
Pribyl, Kathleen
Przybylak, Rajmund
Pudmenzky, Christa
Raso, Dubravka
Reichenbach, Delia
Řezníčková, Ladislava
Rodrigo, Fernando S.
Rohr, Christian
Skrynyk, Oleg
Slonosky, Victoria
Thorne, Peter
Valente, Maria Antónia
Vaquero, José M.
Westcottt, Nancy E.
Williamson, Fiona
Wyszyński, Przemysław
Keywords: Climatologia
Canvi climàtic
Climatic change
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2019
Publisher: American Meteorological Society
Abstract: Instrumental meteorological measurements from periods prior to the start of national weather services are designated "early instrumental data." They have played an important role in climate research as they allow daily to decadal variability and changes of temperature, pressure, and precipitation, including extremes, to be addressed. Early instrumental data can also help place twenty-first century climatic changes into a historical context such as defining preindustrial climate and its variability. Until recently, the focus was on long, high-quality series, while the large number of shorter series (which together also cover long periods) received little to no attention. The shift in climate and climate impact research from mean climate characteristics toward weather variability and extremes, as well as the success of historical reanalyses that make use of short series, generates a need for locating and exploring further early instrumental measurements. However, information on early instrumental series has never been electronically compiled on a global scale. Here we attempt a worldwide compilation of metadata on early instrumental meteorological records prior to 1850 (1890 for Africa and the Arctic). Our global inventory comprises information on several thousand records, about half of which have not yet been digitized (not even as monthly means), and only approximately 20% of which have made it to global repositories. The inventory will help to prioritize data rescue efforts and can be used to analyze the potential feasibility of historical weather data products. The inventory will be maintained as a living document and is a first, critical, step toward the systematic rescue and reevaluation of these highly valuable early records. Additions to the inventory are welcome.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2019, vol. 100, num. 12, p. 389-413
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ISSN: 0003-0007
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Història i Arqueologia)

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