Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/171573
Title: Music Training Positively Influences the Preattentive Perception of Voice Onset Time in Children with Dyslexia: A Longitudinal Study
Author: Frey, Aline
Francois, Clément
Chobert, Julie
Velay, Jean Luc
Habib, Michel
Besson, Mireille
Keywords: Ensenyament de la música
Infants
Dislèxia
Music -- Instruction and study
children
Dyslexia
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2019
Publisher: Mdpi
Abstract: Previous results showed a positive influence of music training on linguistic abilities at both attentive and preattentive levels. Here, we investigate whether six months of active music training is more efficient than painting training to improve the preattentive processing of phonological parameters based on durations that are often impaired in children with developmental dyslexia (DD). Results were also compared to a control group of Typically Developing (TD) children matched on reading age. We used a Test-Training-Retest procedure and analysed the Mismatch Negativity (MMN) and the N1 and N250 components of the Event-Related Potentials to syllables that differed in Voice Onset Time (VOT), vowel duration, and vowel frequency. Results were clear-cut in showing a normalization of the preattentive processing of VOT in children with DD after music training but not after painting training. They also revealed increased N250 amplitude to duration deviant stimuli in children with DD after music but not painting training, and no training effect on the preattentive processing of frequency. These findings are discussed in view of recent theories of dyslexia pointing to deficits in processing the temporal structure of speech. They clearly encourage the use of active music training for the rehabilitation of children with language impairments.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9040091
It is part of: Brain Sciences, 2019-04-01, Vol. 9, num. 91
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/171573
Related resource: https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9040091
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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