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Title: Evolutionary Changes after Translational Challenges Imposed by Horizontal Gene Transfer
Author: Bedhomme, Stéphanie
Amoros Moya, Dolors
Valero, Luz M.
Bonifaci Cano, Núria
Pujana Genestar, M. Ángel
Bravo, Ignacio G.
Keywords: Gens
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2019
Publisher: Oxford Univ Press
Abstract: Genes acquired by horizontal gene transfer (HGT) may provide the recipient organism with potentially new functions, but proper expression level and integration of the transferred genes in the novel environment are not granted. Notably, transferred genes can differ from the receiving genome in codon usage preferences, leading to impaired translation and reduced functionality. Here, we characterize the genomic and proteomic changes undergone during experimental evolution of Escherichia coli after HGT of three synonymous versions, presenting very different codon usage preference, of an antibiotic resistance gene. The experimental evolution was conducted with and without the corresponding antibiotic and the mutational patterns and proteomic profiles after 1,000 generations largely depend on the experimental growth conditions (e.g., mutations in antibiotic off-target genes), and on the synonymous gene version transferred (e.g., mutations in genes responsive to translational stress). The transfer of an exogenous gene extensively modifies the whole proteome, and these proteomic changes are different for the different version of the transferred gene. Additionally, we identified conspicuous changes in global regulators and in intermediate metabolism, confirmed the evolutionary ratchet generated by mutations in DNA repair genes and highlighted the plasticity of bacterial genomes accumulating large and occasionally transient duplications. Our results support a central role of HGT in fuelling evolution as a powerful mechanism promoting rapid, often dramatic genotypic and phenotypic changes. The profound reshaping of the pre-existing geno/phenotype allows the recipient bacteria to explore new ways of functioning, far beyond the mere acquisition of a novel function.
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It is part of: Genome Biology And Evolution, 2019-03-01, Vol. 11, Num. 3, P. 814-831
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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