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Title: Attitudes toward working conditions: are European Union workers satisfied with their working hours and work-life balance?
Author: Matilla Santander, Nuria
Lidón Moyano, Cristina
González Marrón, Adrián
Bunch, Kailey
Martín Sánchez, Juan Carlos
Martínez Sánchez, Jose M.
Keywords: Qualitat de vida en el treball
Jornada de treball
Quality of work life
Hours of labor
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Objective: To describe the satisfaction with working hours and satisfaction with work-life balance and their association in the European Union (EU-28). Method: This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the Flash Eurobarometer 398 among workers of the EU-28 from 2014 (n = 13,683). We calculated percentages and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). We also applied a multi-level generalised linear model using the Poisson family, to calculate the adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR) of satisfaction with work-life balance based on working hours. All analyses were stratified by individual, employment and welfare regime country classification. Results: The satisfaction with working hours and work-life balance was 80.62% and 74.48%, respectively, and was significantly higher among women. The highest percentages of satisfaction were found in the Nordic welfare regime countries (90.2% and 85.3%, respectively). There was a statistically significant association between satisfaction with working hours and work-life balance (aPR: 2.63; 95%CI: 2.28-3.04), and the magnitude of the association differed in individual, employment and welfare regime country classifications. The main reasons declared for dissatisfaction were "excessive working hours" (48.7%), "shift work" (27.9%), and "inability to influence the work schedule" (28.3%). Differences were observed according to sex and type of welfare regime. Conclusion: The differences found in the association between satisfaction with work-life balance and working hours according to sociodemographic characteristics and welfare regime show that there are inequalities in the working conditions in the EU countries. (C) 2017 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U.
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It is part of: Gaceta Sanitaria, 2019, vol. 33, num. 2, Pp 162-168
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Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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