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Title: Cortical gray matter progression in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder and its relation to cognitive decline
Author: Campabadal, Anna
Inguanzo, Anna
Segura i Fàbregas, Bàrbara
Serradell, Mónica
Abós, Alexandra
Uribe, Carme
Gaig Ventura, Carles
Santamaria Cano, Joan
Compta, Yaroslau
Bargalló Alabart, Núria​
Junqué i Plaja, Carme, 1955-
Iranzo, Alex
Keywords: Trastorns del son
Trastorns de la cognició
Sleep disorders
Cognition disorders
Issue Date: 9-Sep-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Background: Idiopathic Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (IRBD) is recognized as the prodromal stage of the alpha-Synucleinopathies. Although some studies have addressed the characterization of brain structure in IRBD, little is known about its progression. Objective: The present work aims at further characterizing gray matter progression throughout IRBD relative to normal aging and investigating how these changes are associated with cognitive decline. Methods: Fourteen patients with polysomnography-confirmed IRBD and 18 age-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent neuropsychological, olfactory, motor, and T1-weighted MRI evaluation at baseline and follow-up. We compared the evolution of cortical thickness (CTh), subcortical volumes, smell, motor and cognitive performance in IRBD and HC after a mean of 1.6 years. FreeSurfer was used for CTh and volumetry preprocessing and analyses. The symmetrized percent of change (SPC) of the CTh was correlated with the SPC of motor and neuropsychological performance. Results: IRBD and HC differed significantly in the cortical thinning progression in regions encompassing bilateral superior parietal and precuneus, the right cuneus, the left occipital pole and lateral orbitofrontal gyri (FWE corrected, p < 0.05). The Visual form discrimination test showed worse progression in the IRBD relative to HC, that was associated with gray matter loss in the right superior parietal and the left precuneus. Increasing motor signs in IRBD were related to cortical thinning mainly involving frontal regions, and late-onset IRBD was associated with cortical thinning involving posterior areas (FWE corrected, p < 0.05). Despite finding olfactory identification deficits in IRBD, results did not show decline over the disease course. Conclusion: Progression in IRBD patients is characterized by parieto-occipital and orbitofrontal thinning and visuospatial loss. The cognitive decline in IRBD is associated with degeneration in parietal regions.
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It is part of: Neuroimage-Clinical, 2020, vol. 28, p. 102421
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ISSN: 2213-1582
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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