Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/171672
Title: Moving towards an organized cervical cancer screening: costs and impact
Author: Diaz Sanchis, Mireia
Moriña, David
Rodríguez Sales, Vanesa
Ibáñez, Raquel
Espinás, Josep Alfons
Sanjosé Llongueras, Silvia de
Keywords: Càncer de coll uterí
Citologia
Cervix cancer
Citology
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2018
Publisher: Oxford Univ Press
Abstract: Background: HPV screening has been shown to be more cost-effective than cytology screening under most scenarios. Furthermore, it should be offered only in organized programmes with good quality assurance mechanisms. This study analyses the comparative cost of the current policy of opportunistic cytology screening vs. a hypothetical organized programme based on primary HPV screening. Methods: Total cervical cancer expenditure was defined as the sum of three cost elements: (i) direct (medical and non-medical) costs, obtained from a calibrated Markov model of the natural history of HPV and cervical cancer; (ii) programmatic costs, estimated based on other organized screening programmes; and (iii) indirect costs, extrapolated from previously published data. Results: Organized HPV screening at 5-year intervals costs consistently less across all coverage levels than opportunistic cytology screening at 3-year intervals. The current annual direct medical cost to the public health system of the opportunistic cytology at 40% coverage is estimated at (sic)33.2 per woman screened aged 25-64. Under an organized programme of primary HPV screening at 70% coverage, the cost is estimated to be (sic)18.4 per woman screened aged 25-64. Conclusion: Our study concludes that the economic resources currently devoted to providing opportunistic cytology screening to 40% of the target population at 3-year intervals could be more effectively used to screen 70% of the target population at 5-year intervals by switching to an organized programme based on primary HPV screening. This finding is of relevance to other European countries or regions with similar screening policies and health infrastructures.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky061
It is part of: European Journal Of Public Health, 2018-12-01, Vol. 28, Issue 6, P. 1132-1138
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/171672
Related resource: https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky061
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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