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|Title:||Durvalumab for recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: Results from a single-arm, phase II study in patients with >= 25% tumour cell PD-L1 expression who have progressed on platinum-based chemotherapy|
|Author:||Zandberg, Dan P.|
Algazi, Alain P.
Good, James S.
Ready, Neal E.
Clement, Paul M.
Jang, Raymond W.
Siu, Lillian L.
Armstrong, Jon M.
Mesía Nin, Ricard
|Keywords:||Càncer de cap|
Càncer de coll
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science Ltd|
|Abstract:||Background: Patients with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M HNSCC) progressing on platinum-based chemotherapy have poor prognoses and limited therapeutic options. Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) are frequently upregulated in HNSCC. The international, multi-institutional, single-arm, phase II HAWK study (NCT02207530) evaluated durvalumab monotherapy, an anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody, in PD-L1-high patients with platinum-refractory R/M HNSCC. Patients and methods: Immunotherapy-naive patients with confirmed PD-L1-high tumour cell expression (defined as patients with >= 25% of tumour cells expressing PD-L1 [TC >= 25%] using the VENTANA PD-L1 [SP263] Assay) received durvalumab 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks for up to 12 months. The primary end-point was objective response rate; secondary end-points included progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: Among evaluable patients (n = 111), objective response rate was 16.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.9-24.4); 29.4% (95% CI, 15.1-47.5) for human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive patients and 10.9% (95% CI, 4.5-21.3) for HPV-negative patients. Median PFS and OS for treated patients (n = 112) was 2.1 months (95% CI, 1.9-3.7) and 7.1 months (95% CI, 4.9-9.9); PFS and OS at 12 months were 14.6% (95% CI, 8.5-22.1) and 33.6% (95% CI, 24.8-42.7). Treatment-related adverse events were 57.1% (any grade) and 8.0% (grade >= 3); none led to death. At data cut-off, 24.1% of patients remained on treatment or in follow-up. Conclusion: Durvalumab demonstrated antitumour activity with acceptable safety in PD-L1-high patients with R/M HNSCC, supporting its ongoing evaluation in phase III trials in first- and second-line settings. In an ad hoc analysis, HPV-positive patients had a numerically higher response rate and survival than HPV-negative patients. (C) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).|
|Note:||Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2018.11.015|
|It is part of:||European Journal of Cancer, 2019, vol. 107, p. 142-152|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))|
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