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Title: A mechanistic account of bodily resonance and implicit bias
Author: Bedder, Rachel L.
Bush, Daniel
Banakou, Domna
Peck, Tabitha
Slater, Mel
Burgess, Neil
Keywords: Realitat virtual
Virtual reality
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2019
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Implicit social biases play a critical role in shaping our attitudes towards other people. Such biases are thought to arise, in part, from a comparison between features of one's own self-image and those of another agent, a process known as 'bodily resonance'. Recent data have demonstrated that implicit bias can be remarkably plastic, being modulated by brief immersive virtual reality experiences that place participants in a virtual body with features of an out-group member. Here, we provide a mechanistic account of bodily resonance and implicit bias in terms of a putative self-image network that encodes associations between different features of an agent. When subsequently perceiving another agent, the output of this self-image network is proportional to the overlap between their respective features, providing an index of bodily resonance. By combining the self-image network with a drift diffusion model of decision making, we simulate performance on the implicit association test (IAT) and show that the model captures the ubiquitous implicit bias towards in-group members. We subsequently demonstrate that this implicit bias can be modulated by a simulated illusory body ownership experience, consistent with empirical data; and that the magnitude and plasticity of implicit bias correlates with self-esteem. Hence, we provide a simple mechanistic account of bodily resonance and implicit bias which could contribute to the development of interventions for reducing the negative evaluation of social out-groups.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Cognition, 2019, vol. 184, p. 1-10
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ISSN: 0010-0277
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia)

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